Tyres were invented with the invention of a process known as vulcanisation. Vulcanisation is a process of curing rubber. Normal rubber deteriorates very fast and this is a drawback of rubber in tyre making. Thus vulcanisation treats the rubber to make cross-linked molecules of it with greater strength and durability. Today no vehicle running on the road can move without a tyre. Thus a tyre is the driving medium of all the vehicles on road. A tyre changes the looks of any automobile. A particular kind of tyre can make a vehicle look sturdy and tough whereas another kind may just take its good looks away. There are specific tyres for specific vehicles. A bicycle has its own tyres and so does a motorcycle. The tyres for cars are different than the tyres for trucks. These tyres differ in many respects as in their size, their use, the material used in their manufacture. Thus no two tyres for two different vehicles are the same. Even if the size of two tyres is the same the treads on them will be different. There are also many different types of tyres such as rubber tyres, radial tyres, tubeless tyres, special snow tyres, etc. So what are tubeless tyres? How are they different than other types? What are their advantages over other types? Let us find out some more information on tubeless tyres.
Till recently pneumatic tyres consisted of the outer rubber tyre in the form of a covering along with an inner tube made up of butyl rubber. These tyres required air to be filled in the tubes after a certain period of time. The air inside the tube acted as the cushion reducing the friction between the wheel and the road surface. Gradually the air pressure in the tubes reduced and had to be refilled. Also the main disadvantage was that the inner tubes were very sensitive. A slight damage to these tubes would cause a puncture in the tyre evacuating all the air inside and this punctured tyre needed an immediate repair. With such a drawback there was a need to produce a tyre that avoided the inner tube.
Thus such a product would be much more reliable and safe. Today, with latest developments in tyre technology such tyres are developed called as tubeless tyres. These tubeless tyres are initially introduced in the passenger car radials.
Tubeless tyres have more or less the same external structure as that of normal radial tyres. The only difference between them and normal radial tyres is that as the name suggests the tubeless tyres do not have a tube in them. Instead it has a inner lining of chloro-butyl rubber and the air is filled in the tyre itself thus eliminating the need of a separate tube for air.
This inner lining of chloro-butyl rubber prevents the air from permeating through the tyre. A valve is specially designed and plunged into the valve hole to pump the air directly into the tyre. Also the inflation pressure prevents any air from escaping through the contact area between the tyre and the rim.